Telomeres are structures found at the ends of chromosomes. They are your body’s blueprint and protect your cells from aging. The length of telomeres can indicate a person’s true biological age (also known as cell age). When the telomeres become critically short, the cells can no longer divide and the tissues lose their regenerative capacity, which leads to premature aging and increased risk of chronic diseases.
Stem Cell Count (CD34 and CD105)
In the past, knowing the number of stem cells in blood vessels was considered unimportant since there weren’t many to be found and people weren’t aware of the benefits of stem cells. Now, however, stem cells are being increasingly used in regenerative medicine, so counting the number of stem cells may prove beneficial for treatment purposes.
DNA is considered the blueprint of life since it contains the instructions necessary for the development and growth of an organism. With recent technology advancements, scientists are now able to interpret the DNA sequences and determine their correlation with certain diseases. They can also tell which type of food and exercise routines are best for the body and what kind of supplements the body needs. A genetic testing kit will provide you with insights about your body and guidelines to lead a healthy life.
Natural Killer (NK) Cell Count
A test that determines the number of NK cells, a type of lymphocyte that can destroy cancer cells 100 times better than other white blood cells. The more NK cells you have in your body, the lower your risk of having infections and cancer.
Natural Killer (NK) Cell Activity
Having a high number of NK cells doesn’t necessarily mean that your body’s immunity is high. This is why undertaking a test to gauge your NK cells’ ability to fight cancer cells is important. The test will determine the quality of NK cells based on their ability to eradicate cancer cells directly.
Regulatory T Cell (Treg) Count
Regulatory T cell (Treg) is a type of white blood cell that controls other cells in the immune system. Having too many Treg cells in the body isn’t good, because they would leave the immune system suppressed and you’ll become more vulnerable to cancer and other diseases.
CD 3/4/8 Count (CD: Cluster of Differentiation Molecule)
Cluster of Differentiation (CD) markers are specific types of molecules on the surface of cells that help differentiate one cell type from another. There are many types of CD markers, including CD3, CD4, and CD8 — all of which play a crucial role in identifying and neutralizing diseases.
Circulating Tumor Cell (CTC) Test
Cancer cells have a mechanism for spreading themselves from one organ to another through the blood vessels. The originating cancer cell will pierce through the nearest blood vessel to enter other parts of the body. The Circulating Tumor Cell (CTC) Test is designed to detect tumor cells in the bloodstream, evaluate the severity of the cells, and assess the effectiveness of cancer treatments. The CTC test can detect cancer cells in their early stages (as small as 0.5 mm), which makes it a better alternative to MRI and CT scans, and tumor markers.
VEGFA and VEGFR-2 (VEGF: Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor)
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) stimulates the growth of new blood vessels and is used to analyze the severity of cancer. A VEGF testing kit can be used to determine the effectiveness of chemotherapy. The higher the number of VEGF in the body, the less effective the cancer treatment is, and doctors are able to interpret test results to modify the chemical formula.
soluble Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (sHER-2)
Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER-2) is a gene that can play a role in the development of breast cancer. Approximately 25% of breast cancer patients have overexpression of the HER-2 gene, which causes uncontrollable cancer cell reproduction. However, we can evaluate the level of soluble Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (sHER-2) to assess the risks of breast cancer. Furthermore, sHER-2 also reveals the effectiveness of chemotherapy with Trastuzumab.